I am going to do the same thing and I am not worried because...
If you put the spare on the rear, you will simply tire scrub and it may pull to the side the spare is on because the rear axle is locked. Doing this on dirt for a short distance is probably OK but I would not do it on pavement. If you get a rear flat on pavement, put the spare on the front and move the front to the rear.
The ABS might kick in but only during braking and I don't think it will be enough difference to kick in, ABS usually requires a substantial difference in wheel speeds to engage or you would feel it all the time braking around a corner when the front wheels are turning at quite a different speed.
Traction control is also another possibility but only in i4WD. Again, I do not think there is enough difference to make it engage because the system has to account for turning.
Turning radius is about 18 feet on the X so using the same size tires, the outside front tire travels about 113 feet (18 X 2 X 3.14) and the inside tire travels about 82 feet ((18-5) X 2 X 3.14). The outside tire is traveling about 37% more in a full turn. The 28" tire in a straight line will travel about 7% faster than the 30". This is much less so I don't think the ABS or the i4WD will even notice.
My conclusion if doing this is...
- Put the spare on the front whenever possible (or avoid paved roads if you put it on the rear).
- Only use i4WD when absolutely necessary.
- Avoid any harsh driving and go slowly if you have the time.
I believe that the worse that can happen is the ABS kicks in a bit when turning towards the bigger tire and maybe one of the warning lights come on. As soon as you put the 30" back on and drive, the warning light will go out.
How do I know that? From experience...
I towed mine running (had to help the little RZR 800 get me through the sand) for about 2 miles with the RF wheel completely removed and the spindle suspended off the ground after breaking the knuckle. The RF rotor was so bent up, it would not turn at all. We went very slow (fastest we went was about 15 mph). I only noticed the ABS kick in a couple times when I braked but the i4WD light came on almost immediately (even though I didn't have it in i4WD). I was concerned that I messed something up but after fixing it, it only took about 100 feet of driving for the light to go out and it has never come back on or given me any issues since (about 1500 miles ago).